The proportion of women working as scientists and engineers varies significantly across different sectors. In the service sector, 46% of scientists and engineers are women, while in manufacturing, only 22% are women. Despite these disparities, Latvia has emerged as a leader among EU Member States in terms of the percentage of women employed in science and technology.
This includes occupations related to the systematic generation, advancement, diffusion, and application of scientific and technological knowledge, as well as other related professions such as technicians or associated professionals. In 2022, Lithuania, the French region of Corse, and Latvia recorded the highest shares of women employed in science and technology occupations. Meanwhile, the Italian regions of Nord-Ovest, Malta, and Sud had the smallest proportions of females employed in these fields.
The data was released to coincide with International Day of Women and Girls in Science on February 11th. This day aims to highlight the importance of increasing gender diversity in science and technology fields to drive innovation and progress towards a more equitable society.