The world’s migratory species are facing a grave threat, with nearly half of them declining in population, according to a report released on Monday. The study, led by Kelly Malsch of the United Nations, highlighted the importance of stopover sites for migratory animals. Migration is a critical aspect of the survival of many species, and any disruption to this process could lead to extinction.
The report relied on data from the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List, which identified reasons such as habitat loss, illegal hunting and fishing, pollution, and climate change as major factors contributing to the decline in migratory species populations.
The United Nations will review proposals for conservation measures at a meeting in Samarkand, Uzbekistan. Governments from eight South American countries have proposed adding two species of declining Amazon catfish to the list of migratory species of concern. Protecting the Amazon River basin is crucial for their survival since it is the largest freshwater system in the world.
In 2022, governments pledged to protect 30% of the planet’s land and water resources for conservation at the U.N. Biodiversity Conference in Montreal, Canada. It is clear that urgent action needs to be taken if we want to ensure that these vital species continue to thrive and contribute to our ecosystems.