In recent years, Kela has reported a decrease in suspicions of abuse in social benefits. Despite this, the number of suspected abuses has remained low between 2018 and 2023, with just under half of all paid benefits being suspected of abuse last year. The income register system has played a crucial role in reducing suspicions of abuse for unemployment insurance and housing allowance, according to Kela.
Kela defines cases of suspected abuse as those where the customer has been consulted about suspected abuse and where Kela has made a decision on the matter. Abuse is considered if the beneficiary intentionally tries to get a benefit unjustifiably or more than they are entitled to. While basic income support had the most suspicions of abuse, followed by unemployment insurance and general housing support, previous years saw unemployment insurance account for the largest share of suspected abuse.