At the Basic Debate, leaders from member states have the chance to speak on any subject of their selecting. Having said that, with such a substantial quantity of member states (193 to be precise), it begs the query of how the United Nations (UN) determines who gets to speak 1st. In the previous, the honor of speaking 1st has been bestowed upon Brazil, followed by the host nation, which is generally the United States. This tradition originated from a time when leaders from other nations had been reluctant to address the assembly 1st through the early days of the Basic Debate.
In a courageous move, Brazil took the initiative to break this hesitation. Their 1st chance to speak at the Basic Debate came through the fourth session in 1949. Brazil went on to speak 1st for the following two years, and considering the fact that the tenth session in 1955, they have inaugurated virtually every single debate.
Right after Brazil and the United States, the order of speakers is generally determined by an algorithm. This algorithm requires several elements into account, such as geography, level of representation, and the order in which speaking requests had been received. By contemplating these elements, the UN can assure fair representation and give all member states the chance to address the assembly.
To illustrate, in an upcoming UN Basic Assembly session, Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva will be the 1st planet leader to take the podium, setting the stage for a series of vital speeches and discussions to stick to.