The Pan American Well being Organization (PAHO) has issued an alert concerning the boost in dengue situations in Central America and the Caribbean regions. They are urging nations to overview their response plans and improve surveillance as the Southern Hemisphere’s summer season season approaches. This year, the Americas have reported about three.four million dengue situations, surpassing the prior record of three.1 million situations in 2019. Brazil has been the most severely impacted nation, followed by Peru and Bolivia. Moreover, Brazil has reported the highest quantity of serious situations, with Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, and Mexico following suit. As of now, the Americas have reported 1,612 dengue-associated deaths, resulting in a case-fatality price of .05%.
In Central and North America, Nicaragua has seasoned the highest quantity of situations this year, with an 83% boost compared to the similar period in 2022 and a 1.87-fold boost compared to the 5-year typical. Mexico has also witnessed a important surge in situations this year, tripling the quantity reported in 2022 and doubling the 5-year typical. Costa Rica and Guatemala have also observed case numbers above these of 2022 and the 5-year typical.
In the Caribbean, the Dominican Republic, Martinique, and Guadeloupe have been identified as the principal hot spots for dengue. In the United States, Puerto Rico has reported 374 locally acquired situations, with added situations reported in Florida and Texas.
PAHO has highlighted that the seasonal boost in dengue activity, coupled with the starting of the rainy season in the second half of 2023, has placed a burden on healthcare systems in Central America and the Caribbean. This emphasizes the value of nations preparing their well being systems to deal with the anticipated rise in dengue situations as they enter their summer season season.
In Florida, there have been 4 new neighborhood dengue situations reported in the most up-to-date weekly surveillance update. This brings the total quantity of situations in the year to 23. The majority of situations have been reported in Miami-Dade County, with a handful of situations in Broward, Hardee, and Polk counties. Two of the situations involved men and women who are not residents of Florida.
Out of the 22 samples that have been analyzed, 17 infections have been from dengue serotype three, 4 have been from serotype two, 1 was from serotype 1, and 1 had an unknown serotype.